Mihail Manoilescu – Romanian economist, politician, sociologist engineer and publicist

He lived from 1891 to 1950. He acted several times as an official in several governments and also as a governor of the National Bank of Romania in 1931

Through his theories he tried to change the view on international trade. His work regarding trade was printed in French first and then to Romanian after 1950.

His work is vast and contains a number of books and articles:

  • The Problem of War Damage (1919)
  • Contribution of general culture to the formation of technical conception (1920)·      State Policy on Industrial Rebuilding (1920)
  • How Can We Revive the Golden Leu (1923)
  • Financial Organization of the National Economy (1924)
  • Théorie du protectionisme et de l’echange international (Paris, 1929)
  • Return to the Land (1931)
  • European Economic Balance (1931)
  • Methods in Political Economy (Bucharest, 1932)
  • A corporate parliamentary activity (four speeches in the Senate of December 1932) (1933)
  • European Thought at the Congress of Rome (1933)
  • Fighting Orthodoxy Against Materialism (1933)
  • The Spiritual Unity of Europe (1933)
  • Le siècle du corporatisme. Doctrine du corporatisme integral et pur

He acted also as a teacher and published in 1933-1934 a lithography of his lectures on political economy.

His major work is Theory of protectionism and International Trade published by Publishing House M Giard in Paris 1929. This theory made its way around the world being thought even today in

About Mihail Manoilescu we can say more but probably the best approach is of Jeronimo Moscardo, the ambassador of Brazil to Bucharest, stated that Brazil’s modern economy owes the foundation of Mihail Manoilescu’s specialty: “In economic terms, we were believed to be condemned to remain a country as well as Romania at some point. But God has given you a great Romanian, a former Foreign Minister of your country and a world-class economist: Mihail Manoilescu. After translating his brilliant work, The New Theory of Protectionism and International Change, in 1932, it has so far been inspired by Brazil’s economic development. […] By Manoilescu, Brazilian officials have clarified the origins of inequality, the role of industrial development projects, the relationships between industry and agriculture, between (cheap) and expensive (imports), etc. Today, Manoilescu is considered one of the founders of modern Brazil. “

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